The innovation engine for new materials

Manipulating Chiral Textures in Ferroic Oxides

Seminar Group: 


Professor Lucas Caretta


Department of Materials Science and Engineering
University of California - Berkeley


Friday, June 4, 2021 - 11:00am


Profs. Ram Seshadri and Stephen Wilson
Excitations in ferroic materials, such as domain walls and skyrmions, provide a rich playground for studying intriguing physical phenomena such as chirality, magnetic dynamics, spin-orbit coupling, and magnetoelectric coupling. Additionally, these excitations hold vast technological potential. Domain walls and skyrmions, which can be nucleated, annihilated, and translated by currents, provide a promising approach to encode bits of information for next-generation memory and logic. One technological and scientific challenge is to stabilize small spin textures and manipulate them efficiently with high velocities. This is critical for dense, power efficient, and fast memory and logic. However, in ferromagnetic materials, current-driven spin texture dynamics face an intrinsic “speed limit” and room-temperature-stable magnetic skyrmions are an order of magnitude too large to be useful in any competitive technologies. Furthermore, the energy requirements for current-driven manipulation of magnetism are orders-of-magnitude too large for practical devices. 
Here, by synthesizing and engineering new classes of chiral magnetic materials and emergent magnetoelectric materials, we overcome these fundamental limitations plaguing traditional spintronic systems. Specifically, by using a combination of epitaxial growth techniques, interface design, and magnetic sublattice engineering, we stabilize 10 nm skyrmion bits at room temperature, drive magnetic domain walls to velocities over 4,300 m/s3, and demonstrate low-power control of magnetoelectric chiral textures. Moreover, by using advanced electrical and optical techniques (and developing new ones), we show that these systems provide a new platform to study complex fundamental phenomena like topology, inversion symmetry, and even relativistic dynamics.
Please contact Sylvia at sylvia [at] mrl [dot] ucsb [dot] edu for the Zoom link and passcode.